Rockhounding in Nelson County, Virginia

Reported Minerals & Deposits From:Virginia County List

NELSON COUNTY

American Rutile quarry -near Roseland; anatase, apatite, augite, chalcopyrite, epidote,
garnet, ilmenite, orthopyroxene, quartz (blue), rutile, sphene, zoisite
Allen Copper mine -near Wintergreen; chalcopyrite, malachite
J. S. Saunders farm (c) -near Lowesville; amethyst
Roadcut (intersection routes 655 and 724)-near Roseland; blue quartz
Schuyler  area  soapstone  quarries -near Schuyler; actinolite, apatite, calcite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, dolomite, galena, ilmenite, magnetite, millerite, pyrite, serpentine, talc
Apatite Quarry – near Rt.56 and Rt151; rutile, ilmenite, blue quartz
Bryant Farm – near Bryant, nelsonite, blue quartz
Tye River – blue quartz with white quartz

 


Allen Mine, Wintergreen, Northern Section-Blue Ridge Province,  Nelson Co.,  Virginia,  USA


Allen mines (copper) – Location: Nelson County, Sherando quadrangle, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north-northeast of Wintergreen on the southeast side of Crawford Knob (N 4,198,600 E 686,120, Zone 17).

The principal country rocks are chlorite green- stone, schists and phyllites. The rocks have a strike of N75°E and a dip of 30°SE. A main joint has a strike of N42°E and a dip of 74°NW. There are quartz veins up to 12 inches (30 cm) thick that are parallel to the schistosity of the greenstone. The quartz is stained reddish-brown with iron oxide in places and contains chalcopyrite.

Mines were operated from 1885 to 1905. Tunnels were blasted into the mountain with black powder and the ore was taken by tramway down the mountain where it was crushed and smelted. In early 1978, there were six tunnel openings in the main area of the mines, each 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 m) across at the entrance. A talus-like dump on the mountainside contained chalcopyrite in quartz as well as pieces of greenstone schist and phyllite with malachite stain.

 

From:  Virginia Publication 27 : Contributions to Virginia geology – IV, 1980.

 


Ref for Allen Mine.: Rocks & Min.:60:167. A copper mine.
Deposit:: BARTHOLOMEW, M.J., 1977, GEOLOGY OF GREENFIELD AND SHERANDO QUADRANGLES, VIRGINIA: VIRGINIA DIVISION OF MINERAL RESOURCES, PUBLICATION 4, 43 P.
Deposit:: SWEET, P.C. AND BELL, S.C., 1980, METALLIC MINERALIZATION IN THE BLUE RIDGE PROVINCE OF


Minerals in Nelson County

The northwestern part of Nelson County is in the Blue Ridge Province and the remainder is in the Piedmont Province. The county is underlain largely by igneous and metamorphic rocks. Some small areas are underlain by sedimentary rocks. During 1972, soapstone was quarried near Schuyler by the Georgia Marble Company, Alberene Stone Division, and was prepared for use as dimension stone in the company’s plant at Schuyler. The finished stone was marketed for a variety of architectural, laboratory, and other uses. Feldspar-rtieh rock was quarried and processed near Piney River by the Ceramic and Glass Products Division of International Minerals and Chemical Corporation and marketed as aplite for use primarily by the glass industry. The Dominion Stone Plant, Inc., quarried and crushed aplite near Piney River, chiefly for use as roadstone. Sand was obtained along the Buffalo River near Piedmont and the Rockfish River near Schuyler by the Piedmont Sand Company.

 

The Roseland District of Nelson and Amherst counties has been an important source of the titanium minerals~ rutile and ilmenite. Mining operations have been conducted in Nelson County near Piney River and Roseland and in Amherst County near towesville and Piney River. Rutile was mined from about 1900 until 1949 and ilmenite was recovered by surface mining of saprolite deposits from 1930 until 1971. A titanium-dioxide pigment plant that utilized this ilmenite was operated at Piney River by the American Cyanamid Company from 1944 until 1971. Sizeable tonnages of apatite, a phosphate mineral, were recovered during the milling operations and stockpiled. A plant was operated at Piney River from 1937 until 1948 to produce phosphorous chemicals from apatite mined with titanium minerals. Some feldspar was recovered during milling operations at Roseland and was sold to manufactures of porcelain and pottery. More than 20 million tons of titanium-bearing saprolite are reported to be present in the district in addition to hard-rock mineralization, and a recent study indicates the possibility of significant placer deposits of titanium minerals.

 

In the past, iron ore was mined at several localities in eastern Nelson County in the vicinity of Greenway, and manganese ore was mined and prospected at sites near Warminster, Greenway, and Allen Creek. Copper minerals were reportedly mined near Norwood. Soapstone was formerly produced at quarries near Piedmont and. Variety Mills and marketed for a number of uses. Quartzite near Greenway and conglomerate near Faber and Rockfish have been quarried and crushed for use as ballast. Sandstone was quarried near Midway Mills for building stone, and diabase near Gladstone has also been used locally for this purpose. Limestone and marble occur in southeastern Nelson County and have been quarried at several sites for use in local lime kilns, as furnace flux and building stone. Gneiss and schist have also been quarried. Kaolin was produced near Roseland, primarily for use as a filler on paper, and kaolin clay northwest of Piney River has been tested and found potentially suitable for use in refractories and certain ceramic ware. The U.S. Bureau of Mines has done test drilling of several kaolin occurrences in the county. An attempt was made many years ago to mine garnets south of Arrington.

 

Other minerals found in the county include allanite, graphite, galena, and sphalerite, but the presence of potentially commercial deposits has not been established. Source: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources.

 


BART THOMPSON KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
W H HARVEY KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
SANDERS BROTHERS KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
G H PARR KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
T V HUDSON KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
C E CAMPBELL KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
J B MASSIE KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
NATHANIEL KIDD KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
NATHANIEL KIDD  GENERAL CHEM CO DEP CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
J B MASSIE GENERAL CHEM CO DEP CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
J R CAMPBELL GENERAL CHEM CO DEP CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
DR HARVEY KING KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
DR WOODSON  KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
J B MASSIE KAOLIN DEP NO 2 CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
J R CAMPBELL KAOLIN DEPOSIT CLAY  PAST PRODUCER
HAZEL SHADE OCCURRENCE COPPER  EXP PROSPECT
DOLAN PROSPECT COPPER  RAW PROSPECT
JOE CREEK SHAFT COPPER  PAST PRODUCER
PINEY RIVER APLITE QUARRY FELDSPAR  PAST PRODUCER
IMC PINEY RIVER PLANT FELDSPAR  PRODUCER
CHURCH TUNNEL IRON  PAST PRODUCER
GAY PROSPECT IRON  EXP PROSPECT
GREENWAY MINE IRON  PAST PRODUCER
GREENWAY MINE IRON  PAST PRODUCER
GREENWAY MINE IRON  PAST PRODUCER
KIMBALL TUNNEL IRON  PAST PRODUCER
LEWIS TUNNEL & PRICE SHAFT IRON  PAST PRODUCER
MEGISSON PROSPECT IRON  EXP PROSPECT
UNNAMED TUNNEL IRON  PAST PRODUCER
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  EXP PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT IRON  RAW PROSPECT
PIEDMONT MINE MANGANESE  PAST PRODUCER
CABELL MINE MANGANESE  PAST PRODUCER
BUGLEY MINE MANGANESE  PAST PRODUCER
SIMPSON MINE MANGANESE  PAST PRODUCER
PIEDMONT PROSPECT MANGANESE  RAW PROSPECT
PIEDMONT PROSPECT MANGANESE  EXP PROSPECT
SIMPSON PROSPECT MANGANESE  RAW PROSPECT
SIMPSON PROSPECT MANGANESE  EXP PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT MANGANESE  EXP PROSPECT
UNNAMED PROSPECT MANGANESE  EXP PROSPECT
VON RAVN MINERAL DEPOSITS PLATINUM GROUP PLATINUM EXP PROSPECT
MINE NUMBER 1 PIT SAND & GRAVEL  PAST PRODUCER
QUARRY NUMBER 6 STONE MISCELLANEOUS DM PAST PRODUCER
PINEY RIVER APLITE QUARRY STONE MISCELLANEOUS CB PAST PRODUCER
PINEY RIVER PLANT STONE MISCELLANEOUS CB PRODUCER
QUARRY STONE SANDSTONE DM PAST PRODUCER
QUARRY STONE GRANITE DM PAST PRODUCER
QUARRY STONE MARBLE DM PAST PRODUCER
QUARRY STONE MARBLE DM PAST PRODUCER
PINEY RIVER APLITE QUARRY STONE GRANITE CB PRODUCER
QUARRY #15 TALC  PRODUCER
ALBERENE STONE CO/ QUARRY #20 TALC  PRODUCER
CLIMAX QUARRIES TALC GROUP PAST PRODUCER
R P TAYLOR DEPOSIT TITANIUM  EXP PROSPECT
J W ADAMS PROPERTY TITANIUM RUTILE UNKNOWN
E M HUGHES DEPOSIT TITANIUM  EXP PROSPECT
TM BOYD DEPOSIT TITANIUM  EXP PROSPECT
J D JOHNSON DEPOSIT TITANIUM EXP PROSPECT
A T STRATTON DEPOSIT TITANIUM  EXP PROSPECT
H M GILES JR DEPOSIT TITANIUM  EXP PROSPECT
GENERAL ELECTRIC MINE TITANIUM  PAST PRODUCER
GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. MINE TITANIUM RUTILE PAST PRODUCER
BOYD URANIUM PROSPECT URANIUM U3O8 CONTENT EXP PROSPECT


 


 

 

Comments are closed.